Land Yachts

Sand yachts

Sand Yachting - LAND YACHTS (with grateful thanks to wikipedia)

Land sailing, also known as sand yachting or land yachting, is the process of moving across the land in a three or four wheeled vehicle powered by the wind by the use of a sail. Land sailing used to be used as a form of transportation. Later it has evolved predominantly into a competitive racing sport.

Land Yachts are also known as sail wagons or sand yachts.
They typically have three (sometimes four) wheels and function much like a sailboat except that they are operated from a sitting or lying position and steered by pedals or hand levers Land sailing works best in windy flat areas, such as beaches. Modern land sailors, generally known as "pilots", can go three to four times faster than the wind speed. A gust of wind is considered more beneficial in a land sailing race than a favourable wind shift.
 

Land Yachts Speed record

The world land speed record for a wind-powered vehicle was broken on 26 March 2009 by Richard Jenkins in his yacht Greenbird with a speed of 126.1 mph (202.9 km/h).

Land Yachts Different Classes

There are a number of basic types, or "classes", of land yachts. Because of the very different nature of each class, they compete separately in races. The largest class of yachts are known as Class 2, which may have masts as large as 8 metres (26 ft). The massive sail area provides significant power, although the speed of Class 2 yachts can sometimes be limited by their large size.

The Class 3 is probably the most popular yacht design, almost identical to the Class 2 in appearance, but much smaller. Class 3 yachts are generally made from fibre glass, sometimes in combination with other high-tech lightweight materials, such as carbon fibre or kevlar or various composites, with a wooden rear axle. They are capable of reaching speeds up to 70 miles per hour (113 km/h).

The Class 5 is much smaller than the 2 and 3, and is in a very different shape. The pilot still sails the yacht lying down, but unlike the 2 and 3, he or she lies in a seat that is suspended from or cantilevered from the chassis rather than inside the body. The chassis is usually made of steel and aluminium with a fibreglass or carbon–Kevlar seat. Class 5 yachts are capable of reaching speeds up to 60 miles per hour (97 km/h), and some have been faster, closer to 70 miles per hour (113 km/h).

The "Standart" Class is unique in that it is the only recognised international monotype sand yacht with all yachts identical. Similar to Class 5 in shape and function, they must follow a special design supplied by the French manufacturer Seagull. This class is widely popular because it means the outcome of a competition rests entirely with the pilot, as the yacht itself cannot provide an advantage or disadvantage.

"Mini-yachts" are small land yachts which are aimed at the leisure market, however, any type of land yacht can be raced and the identical nature of these yachts make them ideal fun racers due to their similar size and sail area. This style of yacht uses a traditional style land yacht rig with a smaller chassis and body where the pilot is able to sit in a conventional way and control the sail with a simple main sheet. These are the smallest, cheapest and lightest yachts available and are tremendously safe and easy to sail with basic instruction.

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