Moorings and Berths

Boat Berths

A berth is a designated location in a port or harbour used for mooring vessels when they are not at sea.

Berth is the term used in harbours or ports for a designated location where a vessel may be moored, usually for the purposes of loading and unloading. Berths are often designated by the port authority or harbour master. The various vessels are then assigned to specific berths by these authorities.

In large ports, berths are generally seen alongside a jetty or quay.

Small harbours or mariners, boats are found in floating docks. Each Berths is geared to accept the types of vessel that use them. The size of the berths varies from 5-10m for a small boat in a marina to over 400m for the largest tankers.

Different Types Of Berths

· Bulk berth: Used to handle large bulk cargo vessels. Boats that are loaded by either excavators and conveyer systems or pipelines. Storage facilities are usually adjacent to the the berth.

· Container berth: Used to handle shipping containers. Boats are loaded and unloaded by the dockside cranes, designed specifically . They lay alongside the quay where there is usually a large flat area used to store containers.

· General berth: Used to handle smaller shipments of general cargo. Vessels using these would usually have their own lifting gear but some ports will provide mobile cranes to do this.

· Lay berth: This type of berth is for ideal boats where no unloading takes place.

· Lay-by berth: General berth for use by all types of boat for short term waiting until a loading berth is available.

· Marina berth: Used to allow the owners of leisure craft on and off their boats. Generally alongside pontoons and accessed by hinged bridges (in tidal locations) to the shore.

· X berth: would available for nuclear-powered ships, within part of an operational base or refitting yard

· Z berth: Would be for soul use by nuclear-powered battle ships.

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